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What is the goal of a drop test?

The aim of a drop test is to check the mechanical resistance of an object, in particular its ability to withstand impacts and falls. The tests are used to identify potential damage that could be caused by a drop and to ensure that the contained product reaches its destination undamaged. Drop tests can be performed for individual packages (drop test) as well as for entire pallets (rotational flat, edge and corner drop).

It is also crucial to consider the specific requirements and standards of the respective industry or target market when carrying out drop tests. Aspects such as the weight of the product, type of packaging and transportation conditions play a decisive role here.

What happens during a drop test?

In a drop test, the shipping unit is usually dropped from different heights and in different orientations onto a hard surface to see if it remains intact and shows no damage. The aim is to document the stability and durability of the shipping unit, that it meets the required standards and can withstand the challenges in a real shipping scenario.

Various scenarios are simulated that can occur during transportation. These include not only vertical drop scenarios, but also side and corner impacts to ensure that the packaging is able to withstand the different loads that can occur during loading and unloading.

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In which areas are drop tests used?

In transport simulation, drop tests are carried out as an essential component in various industries and sectors to test the load-bearing capacity of products during the transportation process. In addition to the automotive, aviation, construction and, above all, packaging industries, drop tests are also used in other sectors. These include, for example, the electronics industry, medical technology, the food industry and sensitive goods in general.

By carrying out a drop test, companies ensure that their products meet the required standards in terms of impact resistance and stability to minimize damage during transport and ensure high product quality.

Standards: DIN EN 22248, ISO 2248, ASTM D5276

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